Choosing cards from your Anki notes

The 11 different EFA Cards

English First Aid uses an abbreviation system for the 11 different EFA cards.  These are the same abbreviations you can see in the upper right corner of each card.

Every time you study a new sentence, you have to choose your cards.  What cards can you choose?  Which cards should you choose?  There are different cards to remember things in different ways.  You have 11 choices:

Sentence card


New-Word card

Word-Definition card

Definition-Word card


Inflected Form card

Pronunciation card

Translation-Word card

Spelling card


Extra Cards 1, 2 and 3.

Every time you add information to Anki you must decide how you want to study that information. YOU have to decide which card or cards are the best for YOUR learning. Ask yourself these questions.

  • Do I understand all the words in the sentence?
  • Which words/expressions are difficult to understand?
  • Why are those words/expressions difficult to understand?
  • Is the word order of the sentence confusing for me?
  • Can I pronounce all the words in the sentence?
  • Are there some words with tricky spellings?

Choosing the minimum number of cards

Choose the minimum number of cards you need to remember the information. In most cases, you will need 3 cards:

  • Sentence card
  • New Word card
  • Definition-Word card

If you only need one card, we recommend a Sentence card. Antimoon recommends sentence cards as well. HOWEVER, if the sentence is easy for you to understand but the vocabulary is difficult you can skip the Sentence card and use a New Word card and a Definition-Word card. Don’t use cards that you don’t need.

Adding more cards

You can add more cards (Word-definition, Definition-word, Pronunciation, etc.) in the Anki Browser Window.

Click on a note.

Scroll down to the bottom of the editing area. These boxes are like checkboxes.  To check a box, put some text into it. To uncheck a box, delete the text. New cards are automatically created when you check a box.

You can see the new cards if you refresh the card list.  Click in the search bar.

Press Enter.

There is the new card.

Changing your mind

Deleting CARDS

You can delete unwanted cards.  Just uncheck the box in the note.

Go to the Deck Selection Window. Click  Tools->Empty Cards…

Click Delete Cards.

All unused cards will automatically be deleted. You can do this to delete multiple cards at one time.

Deleting/Suspending NOTES

You might realize later that you don’t need or want some of your notes. That’s ok.  It is very important to delete or suspend any notes that are not helping you.  Every card that is not helping you is wasting your time. When you do your Anki review, make sure that each card is teaching you something that is interesting and important to you. Don’t spend time studying anything that is not fun for you.

Deleting Notes

Delete notes that are not useful at all.  Press the Delete button in your Anki Card Browser.

You can also delete notes while you are studying by pressing Delete on your keyboard.  Remember 1 note may have several cards (Sentence, Pronunciation, Spelling, etc.).  When you delete one note you delete all the related cards.  If there is just one card that you don’t want, see Deleting CARDS.

Changing notes

You might want to change the note instead of deleting it. You will probably realize you want to change the note while you are studying.  When you want to change your notes, you can return your EFA card.

Try different cards and see what works best for you.  It’s your memory!

Breaking information into smaller pieces

When the sentence is too complex and overwhelming, you need to learn the information differently.  The other 10 cards help make learning easier and more comfortable.  If the sentence is too complex, break it down into pieces! See the Creating Card Combos tutorial.


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