English First Aid Terminology


Here you can learn all the terms in the English First Aid system.

Antimoon Terminology

English First Aid shares many of the same terminology with the Antimoon system.  Here is a list of some common terms used when talking about studying with the Antimoon Method.


These are English sentences that you read or listen to.  It can be anything: books, articles, movies, television shows, video games, podcasts, conversations with a friend, etc.  The Antimoon Method is based on maximizing input, NOT output (writing and speaking) because it is more effective for teaching English-learners to speak and write correctly in the shortest amount of time.

Input Source

The source of your learning materials (where it came from)


i+1 is your comfortable English level.  Input that is at your i+1 level should not be too easy, but not too hard.  Here is a picture to help you understand i+1:

English First Aid profile pic

SRS – Spaced Repetition Software

This software is used on your computer and mobile devices. It is a tool for making DIGITAL FLASHCARDS.  Anki is an SRS application.


This is a piece of information that you put into your Anki.  Usually, an item/note is a sentence with one or several target words (words that you want to learn).

Anki terminology


You want to learn about English—specifically, new words/expressions and important pieces of information related to those words/expressions.  These pieces of information include things like the word, the definition, pronunciation of the word and example sentences. All of this information is included inside an Anki NOTE. (note=item, they are the same).

Notes, Note-types, and Fields

When you download English First Aid Flashcards, you will use a note-type called EFA (actual name is EFA_Eng).  This note-type has several fields.  A field is a certain piece of information in an Anki note.  The four main fields of the EFA note-type are Sentence, Word, Definition, and IPA (Pronunciation).  These are the most important pieces of information you can learn about a word/expression.

Visually, it looks like this:

What information would some of our EFA notes contain?  Let’s look at another visual.

Each green box above is an Anki note.  The notes contain groups of information.

Card layouts

Card layouts change the way you see the information.  EFA flashcards have 11 card layouts.  There is a front and a back.  The card layout determines what fields (pieces of information) you see on the front and back for the cards.

EFA_Eng note type

The EFA_Eng note type has many fields. These are most important fields.


A sentence or sentences that you want to understand

Word (Dictionary Form)

Target word/expression (in its dictionary form, i.e. catch not caught) that is difficult to understand

Word (Inflected Form)

Target word/expression in its inflected form. Inflected form means conjugated. In the example “I caught the ball.” Caught is the inflected form; catch is the dictionary form.


Definition of the target word/expression


IPA phonetic transcription.  This will tell you how to pronounce the word.


Translations of the target words/expressions


A translation of the sentence


Audio recording of the word.


Audio recording of the sentence


Pictures related to the word/sentence


Personal notes for yourself.

You do not have to fill in every field each time you create a new note.  YOU ONLY FILL IN THE FIELDS THAT YOU NEED.

Leave a Comment